This interpretation may have to be revised. On this passage, see also Radicchi, In other words, this structure corresponds to reality and not just to the use of words. The grass that is to constitute the mat constitutes the cause of the mat. At the same time, nothing that exists passes away. Let us note from the start, however, that the correspondence principle is not primarily a logical position, but rather an intuition shared by thinkers of the period.

What is arisen does not arise, because it is [already] there, like a pot. Ordinary people, by contrast, believe that this nature actually exists. And a single agent would not be able [to impose his decision everywhere]. Here is the proof in question: Or are there several possible paths existing alongside each other? The notion of ideas as the primary objects of words began to play a role in Buddhism even in its early period.

But where did the idea come from? There is also another possibility, less likely in my opinion, but important enough to merit a brief digression.

What is this position?

On an episode in Indian episove. As for the net of faults you hurl against [the idea] of making an existent thing, all that applies equally to [the idea] of making a thing that does not exist. These 3008 owe their authority to the authority of those who uttered them. Since, in reality, the time of the actions that give rise to the pot and the eposode of the establishment of the pot coincide episodw therefore constitute one and the same time, what is in the process of being made has episkde made.

Translated from the original Italian by James Fentress. In a derivation they are joined together to form words and sentences that express or correspond, obviously enough, to the collection of meanings possessed by their constituent elements. Words form a hierarchy among themselves. Ramachandra Rao Felicitation Volume. Paris – La Haye: As we have seen, the correspondence principle concerns words in a sentence.

The Parisian scholar Kamaleswar Bhattacharya has on several occasions drawn attention to the fact that this mode of argument is closely linked to the Sanskrit grammatical tradition. Since no such thing 88 exists, what is it that arises? There he discusses, to this end, several passages from Vedic literature. Elsewhere in the same chapter, another verse expresses the solution just as clearly: The constitution of a part, too, [can take place] with various elements.


Language and Reality: On an episode in Indian thought | Johannes Bronkhorst –

Abhidh- k VP vol I p. Do their texts ever address this point directly?

The failure of these efforts opened the door to a search agnihotraa new languages capable agnihotar offering privileged access to reality, such as the language of mathematics. Let us focus on a few essential passages from his commentary on verses Here are a few relevant excerpts: What concerns us at the moment is the difference in the two attitudes toward grammar. The situation in which something arises, a pot for instance, is expressed in the sentence: In that case, the cause would be accompanied by its effect without exception, and the effect would have to exist in the cause.

Nothing exists beyond these six categories.

He admits, however, that in certain communities incorrect words are directly denotative: Rather, it is the form [that constitutes the object of the word], because [only it can be] the object of an action. This text speaks more clearly of the connection between verbal knowledge and inference, but it does not answer all of our questions. See in particular the following observations Some of them support his interpretation, but others suggest a different explanation.

A significant number of Brahmins doubtless believed this, but others, such as the Buddhists, did not share their conviction.


The number of categories varies according to the text: These solutions choose the path of semantics, but they do not abandon the correspondence principle. The scene presented by the history of ideas is often more complicated than that of various traditions existing in strict isolation. Certain later thinkers, however, among them the Buddhists, considered word forms to be conventional, and therefore devoid of intrinsic meaning.

The phenomenal world is thus created by language. An inference moves from a more restricted domain, such as the domain of all places possessing smoke, to a larger domain that encompasses the former, in this case the domain of all places possessing fire. This conjecture was advanced by Walter Liebenthal as agnihotfa as When the causes set to work producing the effect and the effect has not yet come to light, that is the intermediate period. Thus, no verb can refer to an object in the world, and most nouns are unable to do so either.


The great elements earth etc. But there is no need to accept this. Arising as well as destruction are not [possible] agniuotra something that endures. But there remains a more definitive argument in favor of interpreting verbal knowledge as derived directly from language rather than from the utterances of trustworthy persons. Thus, a child knows his duties even without being taught, and birds know how to make their nests. Concordances externes et citations.

Words do not express anything, but they are nevertheless applicable to objects.

This world, my dear, was instead existent in the beginning, one only, without a agnihotea. The author now engages in an extremely interesting hypothetical argument: What is this intermediate period?

He also has ideas about the connection between words and the world of our experience. Essays in Honor of Padmanabh S.

The presence of the five elements among the nine types of substances is due to widely recognized views of the period. It is not possible to enter into details here; let it suffice to recall that Vedic etymologies establish connections, usually of a mythic order, between diverse objects on the basis of resemblances between the words used to refer to them. The University of Wisconsin Press.